Othello is a registred trademark of Tsukuda Original, licensed by Anjar Co.,Copyright 1973,1990 Pressman Toy Corporation.


Othello is a game played on a board with 64 squares. The game starts with 4 pieces placed in the center of the board as shown

Players take turns placing a piece of their color in order to capture one or more of their opponents pieces between the new piece and one of their existing pieces, in straight line. Any captured pieces are flipped over to become the playerÂ’s pieces. A player may capture in more than one direction. If no move exists where the current player may capture a piece, then the player forfeits the move. The games ends when neither player has a valid move, often this is when the board is completely filled. The winner is the player with the most pieces.

The game is very close to another game Reversi. Reversi did not have a defined starting position.

History of Othello/Annexation

The origin of Othello is not known. There is not any proof of rumours that Othello arose from an old Chinese game called "Fan Mian" (claimed in E. O. Harbin, "Games of Many Nations", Abingdon Press, 1954). Lewis Waterman and John W. Mollett (both of London, England) both marketed games with similar rules in 1880. Mollett's game was called Annexation and was played on a cross-shaped board.

Waterman's game was called Reversi and played on the familiar 8x8 square board. It is unclear whose version came first, but Waterman's board and name are in use today. Walter H. Peel wrote a book, Handbook of Reversi, published by Waterman's firm Jacques and Sons in London 1888, and this book was reprinted in various guises over the next decade.

Reversi differs from Othello in two respects. The modern rules of Othello were invented by Goro Hasegawa in 1971.